Lawrence Ferlinghetti, literary citadel of San Francisco, dies at the age of 101
The cause was interstitial lung disease, said his son Lorenzo.
Very private and extremely political, Mr Ferlinghetti became a household name in the 1950s when he was on trial for public obscenity Allen Ginsbergs hallucinatory anti-establishment manifesto “Howl”.
The trial caught the attention of Ginsberg, his ecstatically disrespectful poem, and with it the entire Beat generation – a wandering gang of hipsters, poets, and artists who rebelled against the country’s conservatism, experimenting with both literary forms and drugs, sex and Spirituality.
In the “Howl” episode, Mr. Ferlinghetti was also a heroic defender of free speech and a staunch friend of the creative fringes. In the resulting glare, City Lights became one of the …